In 1511, King Samis El Felipe was captured by the king of Spain, and Ottoman Assassins sent from Constantinople by Ezio Auditore da Firenze corresponded with him while he was in prison, exchanging letters back and forth in order to maintain contact.
The amir Selim of Algiers also proposed to turn a blind eye to the activities of the Assassins in Algiers, in return for protection of a community of Moors living on the island Penon, captured by the Spanish.
By the 16th century, Algeria was primarily inhabited by the Berber people. Algeria's coastal region was part of the Barbary Coast, a region rich in gold, ivory, and pepper. As a result, it attracted the interest of several imperial powers and trade routes were soon established, leading to a dramatic increase in piracy.