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The Al-Aqsa Mosque is a major mosque in Jerusalem and the third holiest site in Islam, located on the Temple Mount. It was constructed in 751 and replaced an older wooden mosque.

During the time Jerusalem was in Crusader hands, the mosque was used as a royal palace and commonly known as Solomon's Temple, despite not being the real one. In 1119, it was transformed into a headquarters for a newly established Crusader order founded by its Grand Master Hugues de Payens, whose name derived from that location: Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, or shortly known as the Knights Templar.

Trivia

  • Aqsa is Arabic word meaning "remote, (very) far, distant"; Al-Aqsa is traditionally translated as "the farthest".

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