During the Peloponnesian War, the cave served as a hideout for a group of Followers of Ares, who worshipped the Greek god of war there. The Spartan misthios Kassandra visited the cave, eliminating the Followers of Ares and claiming their valuables.
In around 422 BCE, the new group of Followers stationed there had been paid off by Mestor, Herodotos' childhood friend, to attack Kassandra and Herodotos. When investigating the cave, Kassandra went on ahead and killed all the Followers in the cave, Herodotos follower her into the cave and found a collection of his brother Theodoros' poetry, a family heirloom, and a list of influential people with Mestor's missing. They discovered that Persia was planning an invasion of Samos and was being backed by either Mestor.
- The term akousmatikoi (ἀκουσματικοί) refers to a philosophical tradition within Pythagoreanism, founded by the philosopher Pythagoras.