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ACOD Greece Map

A map of Greece and the Aegean Sea.

The Aegean Sea is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey.


During the Peloponnesian War, many of the island nations throughout the Aegean Sea sided with either Sparta's Peloponnesian League, or Athens' Delian League. Because of this the navies of various nations regularly patrolled the sea.[1]

In 48 BCE, Cleopatra of Egypt, dispatched Aya and Phoxidas to the Agean in search of the Roman general Pompey, who she sought to secure alliance with in order to capture the throne from her brother Ptolemy XIII. Aya and Phoxidas destroyed a number of Ptolemy's triremes before meeting with Pompey's fleet, which then also came under attack from Ptolemy's fleet.[2]

After destroying the enemy ships, Aya and Phoxidas board Pompey's octareme, and presented him with Cleopatra's proposal.[2]